I would like to focus on animal rights measures considered at the federal level. This will be the first article in a series I will be writing concerning the broad aspect of animal rights legislation. In this article we will analyze the Puppy Protection Act S. 1478/HR 3058 (PPA) that was defeated by the 107th Congress in 2002.
The bill was first presented by Senators Rick Santorum (R, PA) and Dick Durbin (D, IL). It was an amendment to the Animal Welfare Act (AWA) but was subsequently defeated by the US House of Representatives. The Farm bill H.R. 2646 was passed by the House, however, it did not include the puppy mill provision. The PPA imposed limits on litters for breeding females, a minimum breeding age of one year for females, and also a three strikes rule for violators. The bill would also oversee proper socialization among dogs and humans as well to minimize behavioral issues.
Below you will find a link to sourcewatch.com containing information that outlines the definition of puppy mills.
The PPA would have protected laboratory animals along with breeding done commercially by kennels and pet stores. Lobbyists opposed to this bill can be accredited for its defeat. Such lobbyists include The American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA). This organization has made it known that it puts science above the emotions people feel towards animals, particularly in their opposition to ending the force feeding of ducks for the production of foie gras. Foie gras is the cruel treatment of ducks that causes their liver to swell so that people in high end restaurants can consume these duck livers. The AVMA is an organization that, despite its name, puts the agricultural industry ahead of the welfare of defenseless creatures subjected to inhumane, and many times outrageous, treatment. Other lobbyists in opposition to the PPA also include the American Kennel Club (AKC) which proclaims to be a “national organization devoted to the advancement and welfare of pure-bred dogs”. In truth, they are an organization that has lobbied aggressively in favor of commercial breeding and has opposed several humane treatment legislation bills such as the PPA. They strongly promote the breeding of pure bred dogs and spend much of their time, money, and resources on any limitations to the commercial industry for the purpose of humane treatment. Patti Strand, a board member of the AKC who also co-founded the National Animal Interest Alliance (NAIA) had this to say in a statement about the PPA bill:
“The PPA was inspired by special interest groups that fund raise using emotional animal welfare issues. As such, it was based on sound bites and depended on evidence from those who aim to restrict all dog breeding. NAIA supports the AKC’s conclusion that there is no basis in current science and no consensus among breeders, veterinarians or animal behaviorists as to what constitutes acceptable socialization standards.”
The commercial trade of animals is at the forefront of the opposition to their humane treatment. Claims of emotional reasoning are used in their attacks. Emotional reasoning is certainly correct and is hardly a reason to write off animal activists and/or legislation favoring the humane and ethical treatment of animals. To oppose this presumes that these living creatures have no right to independence and freedom, and that they are simply on earth for human beings to exploit and commodify. It is a gross injustice to disregard the abuses of animals for the promotion of human development and commerce. Arguments against animal suffering needs no scientific analysis proving their worth. We, as a species ourselves, must respect their existence and treatment as we are all members of the animal kingdom.
- https://www.govtrack.us/congress/bills/107/hr3058/text (govtrack.us)
- Animal rights activists request ‘puppy mill’ regulation bills (m.cjonline.com)
- http://www.sourcewatch.org/index.php/Puppy_mills (sourcewatch.com)
- Puppy mill stays in business despite animal cruelty charge (wave3.com)
- American Humane Association CEO Applauds North Carolina Governor’s Support of “Puppy Mill Bill” (sacbee.com)
- Police seize dozens of dogs in illegal ‘puppy farm’ raids (manchestereveningnews.co.uk)
- http://ocpets.ocregister.com/category/puppy-mills (ocregister.com)